Meet local farmers and get fresh local produce

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By Steve Moore

As usual, the Henry County Farmers Market opened for business on the Saturday before Derby Day, and will continue to operate on Saturday mornings and Wednesday afternoons at the Henry County Courthouse front lawn.
We hope you can visit for a couple of great reasons.  First, you’ll be meeting some of our wonderful local farm families.
And second, you’ll be getting fresh local produce and fruit most likely picked the same day.  Interested in putting out your own vegetable plants and flowers?  They’ll have a great assortment of those plants also.
Produce auctions at Capstone Produce in Campbellsburg will resume at 11 a.m. Friday, May 17. The auctions will be on Tuesdays and Fridays until peak season at which time the schedule may be adjusted.

Spring-Calving Reminders
A large portion of the some 14,000 mama cows in Henry County are in herds managed for a spring calving season.  Here are some reminders of management items as we near the breeding season.
Improve or maintain body condition (BCS 5) of cows before breeding season starts.
Bulls should have a breeding soundness evaluation (BSE) well before the breeding season.  They should also receive their annual booster vaccinations and be dewormed.
Choose best pastures for grazing during the breeding season.  Select those with the best stand of clover.  Keep these pastures vegetative by grazing or clipping.  High quality pastures are important for a successful breeding season.
Continue supplying a high magnesium mineral until daytime temperatures are consistently above 60 degrees F.
Consider breeding yearling replacement heifers one heat cycle (about 21 days) earlier than cows for “Head-start” calving. Use calving-ease bulls.
Observe breeding pastures often to see if bulls are working.  Records cows’ heat dates and then check 18-21 days later, for return to heat.
Harvest hay.  Work around the weather and cut early before plants become too mature.  Harvesting forage early is the key to nutritional quality.  
Clip pastures to prevent seedhead formation on fescue and to control weeds.
Rotate pastures as needed to keep them vegetative.

Fairy Rings
During the past winter and early spring, we’ve had questions about dark green rings of grass in lawns and pastures.  These descriptions are typical of fairy rings caused by a diverse family of fungi called basidiomycetes. Fairy rings might be six inches to two feet wide and can be anywhere from two feet to hundreds of feet in diameter and expanding yearly.
Here is an explanation for the dark green grass. The presence of mushrooms usually indicates an organic source of nutrients, such as a buried tree stump, is nearby. When you see a mushroom growing in a lawn, you are only seeing a small part of the fungus. The fungus also grows underground as a thread-like mass that is called mycelium. This mycelium tends to grow in all directions from a central point. Thus, an invisible circular pattern occurs. The fruiting bodies (mushrooms) then tend to appear in a circular pattern.
Usually on the inside of the fairy ring, a dark green ring of grass will be evident. This is because extra nitrogen is available in that area where the fungal mycelium has died.
The term “fairy ring” comes from a centuries old superstition that the mushrooms growing in a circle represent the path of dancing fairies.
There is no good control for fairy rings (and really no need to), but you can mask the fairy rings by regular applications of low rates of nitrogen.